At various times and at various locations the town supported a horse market, a cattle market, a corn market and a butcher market.
Farm workers and servants also attended hiring fairs seeking employment.
Carlisle is 57 miles (92 km) away and Hawick, Kelso, Selkirk and Galashiels are all within 20 miles (30 km).
Jedburgh is well known to motorists from the Edinburgh and Newcastle-upon-Tyne areas as Jedburgh is a control town to direct road traffic on the A68.
Jedburgh Castle Jail, built in the early 19th century on the site of the medieval castle, is also open to the public.
The town's industries included textiles, tanning and glove-making, grain mills, and electrical engineering.
Under-18 "Semi Junior" rugby is played by Jed Thistle at Lothian Park.
Also football is represented by Jed Legion FC which currently plays in 'A' League of the Border Amateur League. Ancrum AFC play in the village of Ancrum just to the north at Bridgend Park and include many players from Jedburgh and are in the Border Amateur 'C' League. Cricket was once also played at Woodend but the club disbanded in the late 80s.
James Thomson (1700–1748) who wrote "Rule Britannia", was born in Ednam, a village only twelve miles away, but he was educated in Jedburgh. Current Scotland rugby team captain Greig Laidlaw also hails from Jedburgh.
David Brewster, physicist, mathematician, scientist, writer and inventor of the kaleidoscope, was born in Jedburgh in 1781. Robert Aitken (1800 - 1873) was born in Crailing near Jedburgh. Douglas Young, fought at Heavyweight at the 1984 Summer Olympics.
It is maintained by Historic Scotland and open to the public (there is an entry fee).